Firms to Face Expanded Market-Maker Rules". Irwin, Neil (24 September 2013). Academic study of Chi-X's entry into the European equity market reveals that its launch coincided with a large HFT that made markets using both the incumbent market, nyse-Euronext, and the new market, Chi-X. Der Spiegel (in German). "Knight Capital Agrees to 12 Million Settlement for 2012 Errors".
Several European countries have proposed curtailing or banning HFT due to concerns about volatility. Intraday, however, proportion of HFT may vary from 0 to 100 of short-term trading volume. 70 The Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged to its largest intraday point loss, but not percentage loss, 71 in history, only to recover much of those losses within minutes. These strategies appear intimately related to the entry of new electronic venues. Easley, David, Marcos Lopez de Prado and Maureen O'Hara (October 2010 "The Microstructure of the Flash Crash: Flow Toxicity, Liquidity Crashes and the Probability of Informed Trading Journal of Portfolio Management, ssrn 1695041 CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list ( link ) a. "SEC's Berman: The Data Disputes HFT Narrative". 92 93 Insider trading edit On September 24, 2013, the Federal Reserve revealed that some traders are under investigation for possible news leak and insider trading.
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Kirilenko, Andrei; Kyle, Albert.; Samadi, Mehrdad; Tuzun, Tugkan (May 5, 2014 The Flash Crash: The Impact of High Frequency Trading on an Electronic Market, Social Science Research Network Moshinsky, Ben Regulators Outpace Physicists in Race to Catch the Flash Boys, Bloomberg, retrieved ldridge,. "Report examines May's 'flash crash expresses concern over high-speed trading". One Nobel Winner Thinks So". 15 17 18, hFT firms make up the low margins with incredibly high volumes of trades, frequently numbering in the millions. High-frequency trading has been the subject of intense public focus and debate since the May 6, 2010 Flash Crash. Fleckner, The Oxford Handbook of Financial Regulation Cite error: The named reference :0 was invoked but never defined (see the help page ). Retrieved "The World Of High Frequency Trading: 6 Primary Strategies", m, retrieved September 15, 2010 Gregoriou, Greg. 103 Reported in January 2015, UBS agreed to pay.4 million to settle charges of not disclosing an order type that allowed high-frequency traders to jump ahead of other participants. Though the percentage of volume attributed to HFT has fallen in the equity markets, it has remained prevalent in the futures markets.
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